Tomorrow is the Islamic New Year. It is the first day of the month of Muharram, and marks the beginning of the new Islamic liturgical year A.H. 1435. The first day of Muharram is counted from the year of the Hijra, the year when the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) journeyed from Mecca to Medina. This is celebrated quietly with prayers, readings, and reflections on the Hijra.
Muharram is the first month in the Islamic year and it is a time of mourning for Muslims. This is the month when the Battle of Karbala happened (680 CE). In the Battle of Karbala, Husayn ibn Ali, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammed (PBUH), and his army entered Karbala on the first day of the month; the restriction of Husayn ibn Ali’s access to water on the seventh day; and the death of Husayn ibn Ali and his clan (Ahl al-Bayt) on the 10th day of the month. Many Muslims fast during daylight hours on the ninth and 10th or 10th and 11th days of the month to mark this Day of Ashura.